ocated in southwest Africa. Area – 1,246,700 sq. m. miles. Population – 10,276,000. Capital – Luanda (1.2 million). Other major cities – Huambo (62,000), Lobito (60 000), Benguela (41,000). The highest point – Mount Moco (2620 m). The official language – Portuguese. The main religions – Christianity, indigenous beliefs. Currency – Kwanzaa. Main exports – crude oil, coffee, diamonds, fish products, sisal, corn, palm oil. The form of government – a republic. The population growth rate is 3.3% per year. The average life expectancy – about 46 years.
In Angola, a narrow coastal plain rises to a vast plateau covered with sparse vegetation in the center of which rise the mountains. Tropical forests extend to the north and in the small province of Cabinda, separated from the rest of the territory of Angola, Zaire. In the south lies the desert. Arable land constitutes only three percent of the total area of Angola, however, the majority of local residents for their livelihood, growing sugar cane or cassava. Angola supplies to foreign markets diamonds and oil, but the long years of civil war undermined the country's economy.
About the VI century BC in what is now Angola began to settle the representatives of different nationalities bantuyazychnyh who owned the art of manufacturing iron tools and weapons. In the XV century, Angola took the Portuguese, who ruled the country for 500 years. Learn more about Skenar!
In 1960 two major organizing Angolan guerrillas began fighting against the brutal colonial regime. In 1975 the country gained its independence, however, between the parties of rebel power struggle ensued. In the early 90s, the United Nations followed the elections and peace talks in Angola, however, the civil war in the country continues to this day.