n Kathmandu, the original center of the ancient architecture is the Darbar Square. There are the old Royal Palace, the Temple of Taleju, the palace of the living goddess, the temple Kastamandal, who gave the name of the city. See all Nepal attractions and tours in Nepal in the new catalog of excursions and attractions.
In fact, the capital of the merged with the neighboring town of Lalitpur, located 12 km from Kathmandu. Lalitpur was founded in 229, the focus in the center of many ancient Buddhist pagodas and Hindu temples. Krishna Mandir temple was built in 1723 in memory of the eight wives of King Narendra Malla, who was the rite of self-immolation – Sati – after the death of her husband.
According to legend, an Indian princess gave birth to Prince Siddhartha Maya Gautama Shakyamuni Buddha of the future, in the village of Lumbini on the border of India and Nepal, about 560g. to the NE. This historic site is guarded religiously faithful. For many years it has carried out archaeological excavations and research. Every Buddhist country has contributed to the creation of the memorial park and construction of Buddhist temples in Lumbini.
From Kathmandu, you get to Lumbini by bus for the 7-8h. Another of the many places of worship to the north-east of Kathmandu – the temple and monastery of "Namo Buddha", where according to legend, the Buddha of his flesh fed a hungry tigress so she can bring up their cubs. The monastery is a small hotel where you can stay for a few days.
One of the largest Buddhist shrines in Nepal – Bodnath Stupa – located 10 km north-east of Kathmandu, and makes an indelible impression.
City of Bhaktapur in Sanskrit means "city of the faithful" fans Vishnu (Narayana), one of the main Hindu deities. There are more than a dozen churches Narayana and many other places of worship, most of which are invaluable. In Bhaktapur Palace Square is the former palace of Malla kings with 55 windows, and on any screen picture thread is not repeated. Near the palace – the Golden Gate, leading to a Hindu temple. On the contrary – a monument to the ruler of the XVIII century. Bhupatindry Malla. Another ornament of the city – five-story pagoda Nyatapola.
Journey to Mustang, or Lo – kingdom within the kingdom – is one of the most exciting and mysterious adventure in Nepal. Mustang is located on the north-west of Nepal north of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri massifs, on the border with Tibet. Currently, in an oasis of Law is home to about 8,000 people guarding the secrets of ancient manuscripts in which there is reference to the coming of Maitreya Buddha. The capital of the kingdom is on the high plateau (approximately 4000 m.), Hidden behind seven passes, mountain rivers and deep gorges. In October of 1991. The Royal Nepalese Ministry of Tourism has opened access to the area of Mustang for organized groups, accompanied by a liaison officer, however, the number of visitors per year is limited, and the permits and official equipment of the expedition are very expensive.
Trek to Mustang usually starts from Jomsom (20min. flight from Pokhara) and takes 5-6 days to the capital of the Kingdom of Lo Montang. Along the way, the group spends the night in tents, goods and products driven by horses. In Lo Montange can stay at the lodge, and restock provisions. Check local attractions, the band goes way back along the same route.
Nepalese "jungle" is in the valley of the Terai bordering India in the 180 km. of Kathmandu. Since the time of Rana dynasty the most popular hunting ground for tigers and rhinos was a valley between the rivers Narayani Chitwan and Rapti. Since 1973. the entire area declared Chitwan National Park covers an area of 1040 square km.
The park is home to over 50 species of mammals, wild elephants, 400 horned rhinos, wild buffaloes, four species of deer and a large number of wild pigs, bears and, of course, the Royal Bengal Tiger – about 120 individuals. Of the primates, is a great feeling rhesus macaque and gray langur, with black muzzles. There are wild dogs and jackals, mongooses, several species of birds, jungle cat, squirrels, bats and other small animals.
It is best to familiarize themselves with the life of the jungle from the back of an elephant. Smell the smell of the elephant man interrupts, and wild animals continue to safely go about their business, paying no attention to the tourists. Not many were able to see a Bengal tiger, he tries to avoid a meeting with a man, probably at the genetic level, keeping in mind the ruthless destruction for the sake of "distinguished guests" from the west and the Indian Maharaja. But the rhinos can be seen by entire families, peacefully chewing on grass or mud baths host.
Rafting on the river in a canoe, if you're lucky, you can see resting on the shore of an alligator, caiman or barely protruding above the water, eyes and nostrils of another crocodile – gharial with long, narrow palate, well adapted for catching fish. In the hot season crocodiles coming down the river, which lay their eggs and raise young.
In the swampy coastal thickets can wait for python, king cobra likes to bask in the sun, and they say, and about one hundred species of reptiles inhabit the jungle. However, the local guide and instructor will be vigilant to guard you while walking through the jungle and you will only have time to direct the lens of his camera.
Early in the morning before sunrise jungle filled with many-voiced bird singing. Ornithologists have discovered about 450 different species, half of which constantly lives in Chitwan. Sometimes the path caught rainbow peacock feathers, and egrets right before your eyes catch the small fish and frogs. The rich fauna of the striking abundance of edible and medicinal plants, almost all the plants used by local residents in the home, like hundreds of years ago.