ocated at the foot of the Himalayas, Nepal is a popular tourist destination and climbers, but Nepal is much more than just Everest. To learn more about the beauty and culture of Nepal and its remarkable people and their customs, read this article.
Nepal – a beautiful country and is known to be the birthplace of Buddha. The people of Nepal live in harmony with religious tolerance. Nepal is a sovereign state, which has a rich culture and traditions. Due to its closed position and the lack of historical invasions, Nepalese culture and custom, under the influence of Indian and Chinese cultures. Large-scale migration from Northern India, Tibet and China, had an impact on different ethnic and linguistic colors of Nepal. Thus, Nepal has become a kind of potpourri of ethnic and linguistic traditions.
People of Nepal
Nepali (Gorkhali), is the national language of Nepal, who came from the Sanskrit. Ninety percent of Nepalese live in rural and hilly areas. Nepal consists of many races and tribal groups who live in various parts of the country. The population of Nepal is more than 26 million people. Newari (Newars) is a group of people who are believed to be indigenous to Nepal and living in Kathmandu. Sherpas, one of the major ethnic groups of Nepal, is the central and eastern region of the country. Several other ethnic groups: Magara, Dalits, Kirata and so on. Hinduism – the dominant religion of Nepal.
Brahmins (Brahmanas) – are the highest caste people and Dalits (untouchables) belong to the lowest caste of the Nepalese society. The freedom and the opportunities available to women vary a lot in different ethnic groups and castes. Women who belong to upper castes do not go into society because they believe that it may affect the reputation of the family and caste. Women of lower social castes working hours for low wages, and much more sociable. In the culture of Nepal, the concept of marriage practiced by appointment. When the child reaches the age of consent, parents and older children in the family are looking for the right pair of corresponding status, caste and family education. As a rule, the sons inherit the land of their fathers, whereas daughters prohibited the purchase of the property, if they remain unmarried and 35 years.
Nepalese people are conscious with respect to purity. This is evident even from their eating habits. They worship the Hindu gods are worshiped. Cows are considered sacred animals in Nepal, because people do not wear leather for close to a temple, because they use cow skin. Public displays of affection are not welcome in their culture. They greet each other by putting his hands to his chest and saying "Namaste» (Namaste). This is one of the most important traditions of Nepal.
Daura-Saruval, also known as Labeda-Saruval, the traditional dress of men. Wool hat (Slough) is an optional accessory clothing for men. Nepalese women are Cotton and silk saris, which are paired with a blouse similar to those that are Indian women. The full version of the dress is Guniu. They wear a headscarf, as the upper body garment.
Nepalese festivals and celebrations
Desheyn (Dashain) – the most important festival of Nepal. It is a religious festival, lasting 15 days. Desheyn carried out before the rice harvest, around September or October. Family members gather together and celebrate the festival of fun. During these 15 days, held a variety of rituals. This festival is also known as the "Day of Victory over the forces of evil and demons." Several other festivals include Buddha Jayanti (Birth of Buddha) Maha Shivratri (festival associated with the Hindu god Shiva), Mani Rimbach – a celebration of life in the mountainous regions of Nepal. They sing bhajans (religious hymns), and note the worldly grace.
Music of Nepal
In the Middle Ages, music Newari flourished. During this period, developed under the name of the musical direction of DAPA. In the modern interpretation of the direction the music is very scattered, as it includes classical music, folk, rock, pop and so on. The choice of music is different from caste to caste. In the performance of religious rites and offerings Kirant music plays. Due to the growing number of radio and television stations, the music of indigenous people of Nepal are gradually disappearing.
Cuisine of Nepal
Newari Kitchen is the most famous cuisine of Nepal. Newari use Laa (water buffalo meat), but the faith of Hindus blyuduschie avoid this dish. Newari Kitchen consists of two hundred dishes. For the preparation of most dishes use of mustard oil. The standard dish is Khas or Pahari, it consumed at least twice a day. The dish consists of roti (wheat product), dry cereal, fruit, vegetables, chicken, goat meat, fish and so on. Pork eat only Magara, Dalits and Kirata.
Nepal delights tourists not only beauty, but also culture, friendliness and hospitality of the people and traditions that watch over the population of Nepal, with all the piety and sincerity.