he Communist Party of Nepal (United Marxist-Leninist) (nepalsk. KPNOML) – one of the largest communist party in Nepal.
The party was founded in 1991 by joining the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist) and Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist). She participated in the events of 1993, forcing the king to hold parliamentary elections in 1994, which resulted in the party led by the government, but after a few months, the government received a vote of confidence from parliament. KPNOML periodically continued to work with the Royal Government, even after the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) in 1996 began a civil war. Advocated talks with the Maoists to end the civil war.
The newcomer to the throne in 2001, King Gyanendra is gradually reduced political freedoms, dissolved parliament, banned political parties, and in 2005 dissolved the government, declared martial law and took all power into his hands, explaining that the government's failure to crush the Maoist rebellion. In response KPNOML along with several other Communist and non-Communist parties formed an alliance of seven political parties, who began the fight against the king and signed an agreement with the Maoists. In 2006 KPNOML Alliance and other parties began a series of strikes and riots, which forced the king to restore parliament. In the same year KPNOML with allies in the parliament voted to limit the power of the monarch and the legalization of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
In the parliamentary elections of 2008 the Communist Party of Nepal (United Marxist-Leninist) lost, finishing third after the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and the Nepali Congress Party (which has since 1980 refused to socialist ideology, and now is actually the Liberal Party). The party won 108 seats in the 601-member Constituent Assembly. However, the February 3, 2011 the Constituent Assembly adopted the Jala Nath Khanala as prime minister of Nepal.
The party leaders
Madan Kumar Bhandari (1991-1993)
Madhav Kumar Nepal (1993 – April 2008)
Nath Khanal Jala (April 2008 – February 2009)
Ishwar Pokharel (February 2009)
Man Mohan Adhikari (1991-1999)
Nath Khanal Jala (February 2009)